June 20, 2016
- calendar (noun)
- What does it mean?
- 1 a : an arrangement of time into days, weeks, months, and years b : a chart showing the days, weeks, and months of a year2 a : a list of items in proper order b : a schedule of coming events
- How do you use it?
- "He kept a calendar, and every morning he checked off a day, so that he was never in any doubt as to which day of the week it was." (Willa Cather, _O Pioneers_)
- Are you a word wiz?
"Calendar" traces back to the Latin word "kalendae." What do you think "kalendae" meant to someone living in ancient Rome?To an ancient Roman, "kalendae" named the first day of any month in the Roman calendar. From "kalendae," Latin speakers formed the word "kalendarium," which referred to a book used by money-lenders to keep track of the days on which accounts were due. "Kalendarium" became "calendar" in Anglo-French (a dialect of French spoken in medieval England), and retained that spelling through Middle English before acquiring the modern spelling "calendar." "Kalendae" isn't just the root of "calendar"; it was also adopted into English as "calends." In English as in Latin, "calends" means the first day of any month in the Roman calendar.