November 30, 2017
astonish (verb)
\uh-STAH-nish\ Hear it!
What does it mean?
: to strike with sudden wonder or surprise
How do you use it?
"I am preparing other surprises that are even more marvelous and more fantastic for you and for all my beloved Golden Ticket holders--mystic and marvelous surprises that will entrance, delight, intrigue, astonish, and perplex you beyond measure." (Roald Dahl, _Charlie and the Chocolate Factory_)
Are you a word wiz?

"Astonish" traces from a Latin root word that is also the ancestor of another word that has a similar meaning as "astonish." Which of these similar-meaning words do you think comes from the same family as "astonish"?

"Astonish" and "stun" are related through the Latin root "tonare" meaning "to thunder." Latin speakers used "tonare" to form "extonare" which passed into Anglo-French as "estoner," meaning "to stun." From there, "estoner" passed into Middle English where it branched out to form the basis for both "astonish" and "stun." Other members of this striking family include "thunder" and "tornado."
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